Césaire, Aimé

(b. 1913- )
   poet, political figure
   Born in Basse-Pointe, Martinique, and educated in Paris at the École normale supérieure, Aimé Césaire, who was a descendent of slaves, was a professor and then a Communist deputy in the National Assembly for Martinique, where, upon his return, he served as mayor of Fort-de-France. In his writings, he uses elements of surrealism to express the great desire of his people for emancipation. His fiery words and epic images translate as a rejection of the colonial system and as an assertion for negritude (a term he coined) and for the colonized. These concepts he would develop further with his associates Léopold Senghor and léon-gontran damas. His writings, however, also demonstrate a powerful faith in life and a universal aspiration for justice and happiness. They include his poetry (Cahier d'un retour au pays natal, 1938-39, published 1947; Soleil cou coupe, 1948; Cadastre, 1961), as well as politically inspired plays such as La Tragédie du roi Christophe (1963), Une saison au Congo (1966) and Une Tempête, a free adaptation of Shakespeare (1969), in which one hears the same message of revolt: "i will give with such force, the great Black cry, that the very foundations of the world will be shaken!"

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Césaire, Aimé — ▪ Martinican author and politician in full  Aimé Fernand David Césaire  born June 26, 1913, Basse Pointe, Mart. died April 17, 2008, Fort de France  Martinican poet, playwright, and politician, who was cofounder with Léopold Sédar Senghor… …   Universalium

  • Césaire, Aimé — ► (n. 1913) Político y escritor, n. en la isla Martinica de lengua francesa. Es autor de Cuaderno de un regreso al país natal (1939) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cesaire, Aime-Fernand-David — ▪ 2009       Martinican poet, playwright, and politician born June 26, 1913, Basse Pointe, Martinique died April 17, 2008, Fort de France, Martinique was cofounder of Negritude, an influential movement to restore the cultural identity of black… …   Universalium

  • Césaire, Aimé (-Fernand) — born June 25, 1913, Basse Pointe, Mart. Martinican poet and playwright. Educated in Paris, Césaire returned to Martinique to be elected to the National Assembly as a Communist. A cofounder with Léopold Senghor of the Negritude movement, he… …   Universalium

  • Césaire, Aimé (-Fernand) — (n. 25 jun. 1913, Basse Pointe, Martinica). Poeta y dramaturgo de la Martinica. Educado en París, Césaire regresó a la Martinica para ocupar un escaño en la asamblea nacional como miembro del Partido Comunista. Fundó, junto con Léopold Senghor,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Césaire — Césaire, Aimé …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aime Cesaire — Aimé Césaire Aimé Césaire Parlementaire français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Césaire — Aimé Césaire Aimé Césaire Parlementaire français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aimé Césaire — Aimé Fernand David Césaire Cadastre (1961) and Moi, laminaire (1982) Born Claude Pierre 26 June 1913(1913 06 26) Basse Pointe …   Wikipedia

  • Aime Cesaire — Aimé Fernand David Césaire (* 26. Juni 1913 in Basse Pointe, Martinique; † 17. April 2008 in Fort de France) war ein afrokaribisch französischer Schriftsteller und Politiker. Er begründete zusammen mit Léopold Sédar Senghor und Léon Gontran Damas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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